Maritime security is closely linked to the well-being of the people living in adjacent coastal areas. When coastal residents suffer from violence and poverty on or near the coast, their close proximity to the sea may draw them toward illicit maritime activities like piracy, smuggling, and trafficking. Transnational criminal networks are especially likely to establish themselves along coastlines that are weakly governed and affected by armed conflict and other forms of violence. In Nigeria, Somalia, the Philippines and elsewhere, violent non-state actors operating on shore often turn to the maritime space to smuggle in arms and illicit goods.

Content related to Coastal Welfare