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Stable Seas: Western Indian Ocean

Updated: Mar 17, 2022

Stable Seas: Western Indian Ocean provides a holistic overview of maritime security covering nine issue areas with a focus on those countries spanning the East African littoral. Historically, threats to the security of the Western Indian Ocean coalesced around piracy off the coast of Somalia, stemming from myriad factors such as weak coastal welfare, inconsistent rule of law, and limited maritime enforcement capacity. However, the region now faces a multifaceted and interdependent set of maritime challenges ranging from fisheries conflict to private-sector pollution to transnational illicit trades.

Download the report in English or French below.

English Version

Download PDF • 9.05MB

French Version

Download PDF • 4.96MB


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