BIMSTEC Asian Maritime Report

A Collaborative Approach to Improving Maritime Security in the Bay of Bengal: Highlighting Opportunities for BIMSTEC

Release Date: July 17, 2020
Author(s): Topic:
Publication Type: Policy Brief


This policy brief maps and measures threats to maritime security across the Bay of Bengal region, as well as the efforts to counter them. The Index was created to assist in implementing and evaluating regionally-focused maritime security strategies, such as those of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC). The brief  provides analysis on all nine indicators in the Maritime Security Index in BIMSTEC’s coastal states.

Key Findings

  • The diverse set of challenges present in the Bay of Bengal and facing BIMSTEC member states. 
  • The prominent role BIMSTEC has to play as a forum for regional maritime cooperation.
  • The interrelated nature of the nine maritime security issues examined. Progress, or backsliding, in one area often has follow-on impacts across a variety of other indicators, necessitating a comprehensive approach to maritime security in the region. 
  • Finally, the brief highlights several areas of potential policy prioritization for BIMSTEC, and the region, as it continues to develop its maritime security strategy.