ISSUES

GOOD GOVERNANCE

Because the world’s oceans are shared spaces, strong international cooperation and capable naval services are prerequisites for a secure maritime domain. 

ECONOMY & ENVIRONMENT

Threats like transnational organized crime, IUU fishing, and illicit maritime trades are facilitated by weak coastal economies and environmental degradation. 

SAFETY & SECURITY

Problems like piracy, maritime migration, slavery at sea, smuggling and trafficking, and seafarer safety nearly always require transnational coordination and cooperation. 

TERRORISM & INSURGENCY

Ungoverned and unmonitored maritime spaces provide violent extremists with unseen routes for moving arms and fighters or generating revenue by sea.